In addition to physical causes, stress, alcohol and nicotine can also have a negative effect on fertility. However, certain medications can also affect your fertility. A connection between nutrition and fertility has been researched up until now mainly for women. Psychological stress and problems can also affect fertility. Internal conflicts and fears can be involved in infertility problems.
The physical causes of unwanted childlessness include, among others, the following in women:
The physical causes of unwanted childlessness include, among others, the following in men:
The investigation of the causes of infertility has three objectives:
In addition to a general physical check-up of the concerned person, diagnostic measures include hormone determination in the woman's blood, ultrasound, microbiological examination, if a genital infection is suspected, and examination of the patency of the fallopian tubes. In men, the external genitalia is examined and the quality of the sperm is checked. If a genital infection is suspected, a microbiological check-up is carried out.
Numerous studies have now shown that couples, who wish to have children do not differ from couples in the general population with regard to psychosocial aspects. There are only a few couples for whom childlessness can be classified as psychological. These cases include extreme stress, eating disorders that lead to severe underweight or overweight or sexual disorders that prevent sexual intercourse, e.g. erectile dysfunction in men or vaginismus (vaginal cramping) in women.
The problem of having children can, however, bring phases with it that put couples under a strong psychological strain. The time of diagnosis, the sterility treatment or eliminating the possibility of having a biological child can be experienced as a crisis by man and woman.
If you are looking for support, psychosocial counselling can help.